During the Ming Dynasty [1368–1644], a Ming emperor conferred seven surnames upon the Jews, by which they are identifiable Today: Ai [艾], Shi [石], Gao [高], Jin [金], Li [李], Zhang [張], and Zhao [趙]; sinofications of the original seven Jewish clan's family names: Ezra, Shimon, Cohen, Gilbert, Levy, Joshua, and Jonathan, respectively. Interestingly, two of these: Jin and Shi are the equivalent of common Jewish names in the west: Gold and Stone.